SOME GULFS AND BAYS 11

Xuan Dai Bay
Xuan Dai is a small bay. It is located at the base of Gang slope in Xuan Tho and Xuan Thinh communes and Song Cau town of Phu Yen province. The area of water surface of Xuan Dai Bay is nearly 130 km2. Xuan Dai Bay is shaped like a unicorn head. The Co Ngua mountain range of 15 kilometers in length partly rounds Xuan Dai Bay and Cu Mong swamp.
On National Highway 1A from Gang slope is unfolded a romantic picture of a coconut forest and a jagged mountain range that rounds the bay. From Nai pass another mountain range runs down to the east of Xuan Dai Bay. The coastal sections are alternately convex and concave, so there are many lagoons. The names of the lagoons have different meanings. There are the following lagoons:
Vung Mam: The majority of the people in this region are engaged in the production of fish sauce and salt.
Vung Dong: Formerly it was a mound of mixed sand. Iguanas inhabit this mound. The local residents trap them to use as food or sell them to customers.
Vung Chao: The people here are engaged in fishing with nets. They catch large fish such as batistes vetula and tuna. Boatmen come here to buy and resell fish in faraway markets.
Vung La: There are two small mountains here. Fish often seek refuge in Vung La. Every time when a large fish batch swims up here, fishermen shout to one another to drive boats to catch the fish in the sea. This habit is a popular practice. Now a road of 14.5 kilometers from Trung Trinh to Vung La has been constructed so that cars can move easily.
To the north of Vung La is the Om sand ground of 600 meters in length, blocked between two mountains. One legend says that in the old days many young couples came here to live a “natural” life. If any couple were to still observe old habits and customs, Heaven would punish them. Another legend has it that the folk young hero Lia took refuge here. It is also said that Lord Nguyen Anh had camped in Vung La with his troops. He looked at the magnificent mountains and the sea and he vowed that he would be the king. He so strongly stamped his right foot onto a large stone that since then his footprint on it is still visible.
It is also said that one year, on the second day of the New Year holiday, which was also the death anniversary day of the Water God, a fisherman went fishing in the late afternoon. He saw two bearded handsome old men playing chess on a large rock. In panic he stopped fishing. The two old men looked at him and said: “We are heaven’s generals. We have descended here to play chess because the scenery here is beautiful. You have seen us. If you will not tell anyone about our meeting, we will allow you to live a hundred years. If you do tell, you will die and disappear.” When the fisherman was 91 years old, he accidentally told the story that happened forty years ago. In that night in a broken sleep he saw two of heavens generals appear and say that he had violated the oath to keep the story secret. He woke up, called his children to come up and told the story. Then he closed his eyes and died. Now on the large rock still remains the sign of the chessboard.
Now experts evaluate Xuan Dai as one of the bays with the most potential for tourist development in Central Viet Nam. Xuan Dai Bay has charming scenery and beautiful virgin beaches. Xuan Dai is also known for a variety of delicious seafood such as crab, lobster etc. Resort tourism, water sports tourism and ecotourism are planned for development in Xuan Dai Bay.
Xuan Dai Bay is also important in military terms, as it witnessed disastrous battles in the Second World War. In April 1945 a ship of the Japanese Imperial Navy entered the bay to seize it and make it a springboard to invade deep into the mainland. But they were bombed by Allied aircraft and were sunk in the middle of the bay. The hull was submerged deep into the water and only the flag and watching station were raised above the water. This is evidence of a period of fierce war in the history of the nation.
Van Phong Bay
Van Phong Bay, named by the French Port Dayot (Pillow Bay), is located in the north of Van Ninh and Ninh Hoa districts. It is 50 kilometers from Nha Trang city and 35 kilometers from Tuy Hoa town. The bay stretches from the foothills of Ma Canh Mountain to the northern foothills of Phuoc Ha Mountain.
The western bank of Van Phong Bay is the extended part of Truong Son mountain range (20-30 kilometers from the coastline). The southeastern side of the bay is exposed for 17 kilometers to the sea. On the northeastern side is located the Hon Gom Peninsula, composed of small mountain ranges and sand dunes resisting the sea waves. Hon Gom Peninsula is 27.5 kilometers in length. It stretches like a long arm embracing in the palm a gem, which is Hon Lon Island of Van Phong Bay. Hon Lon Island is 14.2 kilometers in length; the maximum width is 6 kilometers; the area is about 46 km2.

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