SOME GULFS AND BAYS 12

Southeast of Van Phong Bay is located a narrow water strip 200 meters in width. It is located between Hon Gom Peninsula, Hon Lon Island and Co Co Island. The average depth of this water strip is 25 meters. It is a natural channel very convenient for the movement of ships. The total area of the southeast part of Van Phong Bay is about 150,000 hectares, of which the area of water surface is 80,000 hectares and the land area is 70,000 hectares. The terrain here is diversified and composed of islands, archipelagos, seashore, beaches, attractive sand dunes and deep harbors well sheltered from wind.
Ecosystems are diverse, including tropical forests, mangrove forests, sea plants and sea animals living in the shallow sea and offshore sea. From Co Ma to Dam Mon are many beaches and island villages. Dam Mon is an ideal place, with over 30 beaches, most of which remain almost untouched.
In particular, the temperature here is warm all year long. The landscape is unique. The natural environment is not polluted and has been preserved intact. It is actually a place with the best conditions for building an attractive marine tourist zone.
Van Phong Bay has the potential to be developed into an economic zone. Hon Gom and Hon Lon Islands of Van Phong Bay are located in the heart of Asia and Australasia (in the center of a region of three billion people). Van Phong Bay is about 1,000 kilometers as the crow flies from the capital cities of Viet Nam, Laos, Brunei and Thailand and is about 1,250 kilometers from Singapore, Hong Kong, Guangdong and the capital cities of Malaysia, Myanmar and the Philippines. The distance from Van Phong Bay to the capital cities of China, South Korea, Japan and India and to the territorial waters of Australia is nearly the same.
Particularly, Van Phong Bay is located immediately adjacent to busy shipping lanes carrying 50% of the world’s passengers and goods. Moreover, Van Phong Bay, Hon Gom Peninsula and Hon Lon Island can also be linked to the land-the North-South express railway of Viet Nam and the automobile routes. In Van Phong Bay it is possible to create a principal airline stopover for transit passengers. Ports of transitional transportation may also be formed. It is possible to plan for Van Phong Bay as a protection site for sea creatures. Large non-tariff processing zones and goods assembling zones may be established in Van Phong Bay. The land here is large enough for building a shopping zone and a financial center of world-class standards.
Perhaps Van Phong Bay is the single place in the world that can be a transit place for all air passengers, ship passengers, containers and goods. All kinds of transit services are carried out in the same Multifunctional Complex of Van Phong Bay. Hon Lon Island in the center of Van Phong Bay plays the most important role in combining all these kinds of services. In the heart of Hon Lon Island is a fairly flat plot of land nearly 4.5 kilometers in length and 2.2 kilometers in width, located at the altitude of 180 meters above sea level. An international airport may be built here. With such a terrain, Hon Lon Island can afford a huge port for the transit of passengers.
UN experts and researchers on development and investment estimate that the potential for developing ecotourism in Van Phong Bay is the most leading one in the Asian region. Tourism in Van Phong Bay will be attractive for people from all over the world. The General Tourism Department of Viet Nam has ranked Van Phong as a key tourist zone in its long-term plan. The World Marine Association recognized Van Phong as one of the four bays having an ideal location for sea tourism.
On 11 March 2005, Prime Minister Phan Van Khai signed Decision No. 51/2005/QD-TTg approving the Plan Towards 2020 of Van Phong Bay Economic Zone of Khanh Hoa Province. In the near future, a tourist city and an international port for container transshipment will be built in the Van Phong Bay area.
Sea tourism will be developed in northern Van Phong (in the Dai Lanh area). International transit ports, financial and commercial centers and residential quarters will be built on Hon Gom Peninsula, Hon Lon Island and the whole water part of the bay and lagoons. In the south of the bay there will be constructed an urban zone, which will be an urban city with developed tourism, services, education, professional training, vocational training and industry. Ecotourism will be promoted, too.
Two tourist wharves are located in Van Phong Bay. One of them (0.5 hectare) is located to the east of Dam Mon and the other (4-5 hectares) is on Hon Khoi, northwest of Doc Let. The tourist areas of Van Phong Bay have been drafted in the general planning. The North Van Phong Tourist Zone will include the Tuan Le-Hon Ngang Tourist Sub-zone (350 hectares), Cat Tham Beach (210 hectares), Hon Gom Peninsula (200 hectares), Dai Lanh (40 hectares). South of Van Phong city there is the Doc Let – Mui Du Tourist Sub- zone (150 hectares).

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