SOME GULFS AND BAYS 16

Vung Tau lighthouse was built in 1907. Initially it was set at a low peak of Nui Nho Mountain and lit by kerosene. In 1911 it was rebuilt into a round tower of three meters in height and 18 meters in diameter and was set on the highest peak of Nui Nho Mountain at the altitude of 170 meters. Vung Tau lighthouse illuminates as far as 35 miles and has a telescope to track ships at sea and provide sailing instructions.
Cau Da port was built in 1896 for military purposes. In this port, goods for the resort city and for a military base were loaded, unloaded and stored. In the front of Vung Tau port is a dyke of 400 meters in length and four meters in width. The width of its base is 15 meters. It was consolidated with concrete and stone and now it goes from the northern headland of Nui Nho Mountain to the faraway sea. It goes parallel to Bai Truoc Beach. Cau Da port, Bai Truoc Beach and the Artillery Battlefield on Nui Nho Mountain are incorporated into a relic complex ranked by the Ministry of Culture and Information as a national-level relic complex.
Hon Ba is a small island located about 200 meters from the foothills of Nui Nho Mountain. On the island is Ba Temple (Lady Temple). Its height is four meters. Gods are worshipped in this temple. Below is a basement six meters in length and three meters in width. Formerly it was a secret meeting place of patriotic people against imperialism. When the tide recedes, people may go along a path covered with many stones to this island. On the 1st day or the 15th day of a lunar month people often go to the island to burn incense and pray for good luck in this small temple.
Other vestiges of Vung Tau are Nha Lon House (Great House), Linh Son Co Tu Pagoda (Ancient Holy Mountain Pagoda), Thich Ca Phat Dai Pagoda (Pagoda of Shakyamuni Buddha), Dinh Than Thang Tam (Communal House of Than Thang Tam), Mieu Ba Ngu Hanh Shrine (Lady Shrine), Ong Nam Hai Tomb (Tomb of the Whale Ancestor), Niet Ban Tinh Xa (Nirvana Monastery), Quan Am Bo Tat Pagoda (Guan Yin Bodhisattva Pagoda etc).
Gulf of Thailand
The Gulf of Thailand (Gulf of Siam) is a half-enclosed sea with an area of about 320,000 km2. The coastline surrounding the bay is shared by the four countries of Thailand (1,560 kilometers), Viet Nam (230 kilometers), Malaysia (150 kilometers) and Cambodia (460 kilometers). The northern point of this bay is the Bangkok Trough at the estuary of the Chao Phraya River, not far from Bangkok. The boundary of this bay is the line coming from Ca Mau Cape of South Viet Nam to Kota Baru on the coast of Malaysia. The bay is quite long (about 450 nautical miles), but its area is small. The average width of the bay is 385 kilometers (208 nautical miles).
The Gulf of Thailand is rather shallow. The average depth of the sea is about 45 meters; maximum depth is 80 meters. The relatively slow convection of water in the gulf and the strong flow of rivers into the gulf make the salinity of the water quite small (3.05 to 3.25% of salinity) with rich silt. Only in deepsea areas (50 meters of depth) is the salinity of water higher than 3.4%. The main rivers flowing into this bay are the Chao Phraya River (including the Ta Chin tributary) and the Mekong River in the Bangkok Trough. The smaller Tapi River also flows into this bay at the Bandon harbour in the southwest part of the bay.
The Gulf of Thailand is located in the hot tropical zone so the temperature of the water in the bay is relatively high and there are many rock coral reefs. This facilitates sea¬diving tourism. Best known for this type of tourism is Ko Samui Island in Surat Thani. Ko Tao is a center for sea-diving tourism. The Gulf of Thailand also contains quite a large reserve of oil and gas.
After nine rounds of negotiation in Bangkok, the Minister of Foreign Affairs of the SRVN Nguyen Manh Cam signed an agreement on sea borders between Viet Nam and Thailand with the Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Kingdom of Thailand Prachuab Chaiyasan on 9 August 1997, ending a quarter century of debate between the two countries on the overlapping region in the Gulf of Thailand.
The two governments also reached an agreement on cooperation for sea security and protection of biological resources in the gulf through joint patrols of Thailand Customs and Viet Nam Sea Police. The two countries have also educated fishermen to comply with regulations on fishing and the protection of biological resources.
The agreement on sea delimitation has created a favorable environment for the development of solidarity and friendship between Viet Nam and Thailand, contributing to ensuring sea security and order and boosting oil production between the two countries. It is forever a milestone in relations between the two countries.

See more: voyage organisé vietnam | voyage au vietnam | demande visa vietnam | Circuit Vietnam Cambodge 13 jours | Croisière Mékong

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