The water area of Viet Nam potential for grow ing aquatic products is about 2,000,000 hectares, which includes three water types: fresh, brackish and salty. In this water area fish can be raised in cages sunken in the water. Other specialties such as shrimp, crab and sea plants can also be raised. The sea of Viet Nam is a very important beneficial source. The sea not only provides daily seafood to the people, but also produces large exports.
Our country has also good grounds for prosperous sea tourism. All important tourist centers like Vung Tau, Nha Trang, Da Nang, Hue, Hai Phong and Quang Ninh enjoy favorable geographical locations and are all placed along the trans-Southeast Asian tourist routes. They are perfectly capable of becoming strong sea tourist centers. The variety of landscapes and developed infrastructure facilities promote diverse types of tourism. Tens of beautiful beaches are located on or near plains, hills and mountains. Scenic spots of water surfaces, seabeds and magical mountain caves on the islands are charming. Tropical climate and seasonal winds favor the organization of sea tourist tours throughout the year, especially tours along the northern coast of Quang Nam and Da Nang. Tourists may visit, relax or cure illness in very attractive places where there are springs of mineral water, various types of vegetation and rare and valuable animal species.
Over 30% of the Vietnamese population now lives in 28 coastal cities and provinces. And the majority of the cities and towns are located not far from rivers and coastlines. In particular, cities and towns of Central Viet Nam are located very close to the coast along National Highway 1A from the North to the South. Big industrial centers, naval bases, warehouses, economic projects and projects of national defense are crowded on the coast together with salt production enterprises and enterprises for catching and processing sea products. They have involved tens of millions of workers, have created new jobs and contributed much to stabilizing the economy, politics, society and national defense.
National defense and security in Viet Nam to a great extent is associated with the sea. Defense from the sea always has strategic significance because the sea area is large and the coastline is long. The whole width of land territory in the coastal Quang Binh province is just 50 kilometers. From the highlands, many mountain ranges go so far that they reach the zigzag coastline. In all regions of the country, interlaced rivers and streams cut the continental land into many sections. Rivers and streams also cross most vital roads going from the North to the South. In lots of localities near the shore mountains rise inaccessibly, forming closed harbors. With their scattered flat coastal sections, these harbors are appropriate for the anchorage of vessels and the movement of marine military forces. It is not-difficult to build a defensive frontier line along the coastline, archipelagos and islands. This defensive frontier line may be composed of numerous military spots located right on the sea and land. From the military bases, attacking points, fortresses and outposts of this defensive frontier line, the army could easily control the sea.
Viet Nam now has established bilateral trade relations with over 100 states, maintained investment in more than 60 states and territories, and participated in lots of international organizations. In the coming times, bilateral and multilateral cooperation will be much expanded in many fields such as sea national defense, economy, security and foreign affairs. Sea operations will increase at a rapid rate and in a larger scale. Thus, favorable conditions will exist along with challenges. The Party’s guidelines are actively struggling for the implementation of international commitments on the sea; decisively and persistently protecting sovereignty over the sea and islands along with maritime economic development; creating favorable conditions for Viet Nam’s expansion of scientific and technological exchange; investing in and renovating technology; modernizing the equipment of national defense; increasing mutual understanding with the regional and world states for the paramount purpose of a stable development of the country; utilizing the sea’s great potential for economic development for the cause of national protection and building.
The Sea Strategy to 2020 and the Sea Vision to 2025 of Viet Nam include the fundamental points as follows;
– Viet Nam must be a sea-strong and sea-rich state on the basis of promoting all sea potential and comprehensively developing sea industries. Sea industries must be diverse, modern and have a rapid and sustainable development rate. Sea industries must be highly efficient and have a long-term vision.
– Closely combining socio-economic development with firm national defense, security, international cooperation and environmental protection; closely combining the development of the sea, coastal areas and islands with the development of mainland areas in the direction of industrialization and modernization.
Proactively attracting all resources for socio-economic development and protection of the sea’s environment pursuant to the open-door policy; promoting all internal resources; taking advantage of international cooperation to strongly attract external resources on the principle of equality and mutual benefit; firmly protecting the independence and territorial integrity of the country.
The general purposes are: until 2020 strive to convert Viet Nam into a sea-strong and sea-rich state; firmly secure sovereignty and the rights of state sovereignty over the sea and islands; significantly contribute to the cause of industrialization and modernization and make the country wealthy and strong.
The specific purposes are: comprehensively forming and developing the socio-economic, science-technology aspects; strengthening national defense and security; protecting the sea; striving so that by 2020 the economy of the sea areas and the coastal areas would occupy 50-53% of GDP; resolving well social issues; significantly enhancing the living standards of the population in sea and coastal areas; striving so that the per capita income of the population in the sea and coastal areas would be twofold more than in other areas across the country; building a number of international commercial ports of regional scale; forming some strong economic corporations; strongly promoting the exploitation of sea products and their processing and developing services related to the sea; building a number of strong economic zones in coastal areas; forming an efficient united body of state sea management; expanding all fields of international sea cooperation.

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